Candlestick Hammer

risk of losing

A Buy Stop order should be placed at the opening price of the next candlestick after the confirmation. A protective Stop Loss should be placed below the Hammer’s low or at the opening or closing price of the candle’s real body. A hammer is a type of bullish reversal candlestick pattern, made up of just one candle, found in price charts of financial assets. The candle looks like a hammer, as it has a long lower wick and a short body at the top of the candlestick with little or no upper wick. The hammer candlestick is a bullish pattern that can signal the end of a downtrend and the start of an uptrend. Trading strategies that include trading hammer candlesticks must always have a plan in place for managing risk.

candlestick patterns

A doji is another type of candlestick with a small real body. A doji signifies indecision because it is has both an upper and a lower shadow. Dojis may signal a price reversal or a trend continuation, depending on the confirmation that follows.

Shooting Star

As with the hammer, you can find an inverted hammer in an uptrend too. But here, it’s called a shooting star and signals an impending bearish reversal. You can learn more about how shooting stars work in ourguide to candlestick patterns.


Here is a chart where both the risk taker and the risk-averse would have made a remarkable profit on a trade based on a shooting star. The day the hanging man pattern appears, the bears have managed to make an entry. This action by the bulls has the potential to change the sentiment in the stock. The market is in a downtrend, where the bears are in absolute control of the markets.

Live Trading with DTTW™ on YouTube

In contrast to the shadow, the lower shadow of the candlestick is very long. In order for a candlestick formation to be recognized as a hammer pattern, the lower shadow should be at least twice as long as the body of the candlestick. The opening price, the high price, and the closing price of the period covered by the candlestick formation are all very close together, forming a very short body for the candlestick. Although the session opens higher than the recent lows, the bears push the price action lower to secure new lows. However, the bulls surprise them with a press higher to secure the bullish close. At this point, it is clear that the balance has changed in favour of the buyers, and there is a strong likelihood that the trend direction will change.

To trade when you see the inverted hammer candlestick pattern, start by looking for other signals that confirm the possible reversal. If you believe that it will occur, you can trade via CFDs or spread bets. These are derivative products, which mean you can trade on both rising and falling prices.

In the above diagrams, the wicks pierce the support and resistance levels. However, the hammer candlesticks are just as valid if the wicks only touch the support or resistance levels or even fall a little short of them. The following chart of the S&P Mid-Cap 400 SPDR ETF shows an upward sloping price channel. The lower shadow of the hammer pierced below the bottom of the upward sloping price channel. However, by the end of the day, the bulls pushed prices back above the price channel closing the day at the high and preserving the integrity of the support line.

  • It warns that there could be a price reversal following a bearish trend.
  • On its own, the hammer signal provides little guidance as to where you should set your take-profit order.
  • The appearance of the hammer suggests that more bullish investors are taking positions in the stock and that a reversal in the downward price movement may be imminent.
  • Most traders will tend to use nearby areas of support and resistance to place their stops and take profits.
  • Lawrence has served as an expert witness in a number of high profile trials in US Federal and international courts.

The shooting star is a type of candlestick pattern and refers to the candle’s shape and appearance, representing a potential reversal in an uptrend. The inverted hammer candlestick pattern is a candlestick that appears on a chart when there is pressure from buyers to push an asset’s price up. It often appears at the bottom of a downtrend, signalling potential bullish reversal. How to trade the hammer candlestick pattern As stated earlier, a hammer is a bullish reversal pattern. It occurs at the end of a downtrend when the bears start losing their dominance. In the chart below, we see a GBP/USD daily chart where the price action moves lower up to the point where it prints a fresh short term low.

Questions about Hammer Candlestick Pattern

The setup is almost the same as both of these patterns are bullish reversal formations. It is actually almost the same chart, it’s just that this sequence occurred a bit later. As an example, we are opting for the first option, although it is a tad riskier. The green horizontal line signals our entry point – where the hammer closed. The red line is the low, against which we place a stop-loss around pips beneath.

Alternatively, if Doji forms after a series of bearish candles with long bodies, sellers are losing their strength, and the price may rise. If it appears during the downtrend, it signals the reversal to the upside. Knowing how to spot possible reversals when trading can help you maximise your opportunities. The inverted hammer candlestick pattern is one such a signal that can help you identify new trends.


You could do this by waiting a few periods to check that the upswing is underway, or by using technical indicators. As noted above, a hammer appears in a downtrend, i.e., when the price of an asset is falling. This pattern indicates a lot of activity surrounding the asset during a particular period — the asset price dropped initially but closed near the opening price following a pullback. A hammer candlestick mainly appears when a downtrend is about to end.

So, once the conditions of your trading setup are met, you’ll look for an entry trigger to enter a trade. You’ve learned the truth about the Hammer candlestick that most traders never find out. A big mistake traders make is thinking the trend will reverse when a Hammer is formed. Candlestick chart created using Plotly demonstrating the positions of the inverted hammer. Hystorical data of assets can be used to performe backtesting.

Traders get confirmation when the candle right after the hammer closes higher than the latter’s closing price. Once the confirmation candle appears, traders exit their short position or take a long position. Individuals entering a long position can place a stop loss order below the hammer’s low price. Another type of inverted candlestick pattern is known as a shooting start pattern. These inverted hammer candlesticks are usually a sign of reversal. In timeframes below H4, you often see a lot of hammer candlesticks because it does not take much price activity to create them.

The strengths and weaknesses of the hammer candlestick patterns

advance your nursing careerrs should always combine them with other strategies and tools to increase the chance of success. In a candlestick chart, every candle relates to one period, according to the timeframe you select. If you look at a daily chart, every candle represents one day of trading activity. If you look at a 4-hour chart, every candle represents 4 hours of trading. Two additional things that traders will look for to place more significance on the pattern are a long lower wick and an increase in volume for the time period that formed the hammer.

You can also practice finding the inverted hammer and placing trades on a risk-free IG demo account. If you think that the signal is not strong enough and the downtrend will continue, you can ‘sell’ . The lower shadow should be at least twice the height of the real body. Let’s use EUR/USD for an illustration of how hammer patterns can appear on a market. However, the sellers were only able to maintain equilibrium.

Lower shadow length should be at least twice the length of the real body. Notice the blue hammer has a very tiny upper shadow, which is acceptable considering the “Be flexible – quantify and verify” rule. If the paper umbrella appears at the top end of an uptrend rally, it is called the ‘Hanging Man’. The foreign exchange market – also known as forex or FX – is the world’s most traded market. As noted earlier, both of these patterns are considered to be powerful reversal patterns. Harness the market intelligence you need to build your trading strategies.